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Blood Pressure: Top 10 Causes of Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure

Hypotension or more commonly known as low blood pressure is a term when the pressure of the blood exerted against the walls of the blood vessels after and during every heartbeat is lower than normal.

This phenomenon affects large number of people worldwide. Many of us often face this problem, but we tend to neglect it as another case of dizziness or dehydration. Constant low blood pressure can obstruct oxygen and other important nutrients from flowing towards the brain, which can cause fatality or even death. In order, to avoid major consequences of low blood pressure, today we share some of the prominent causes of low blood pressure. There can be many reasons for your low blood pressure, but below are some of the most common causes.

1: Dehydration

Dehydration is one of the most common issue we face on a daily basis. The reason behind dehydration can be prolonged nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. The other reason for dehydration can be exercise, too much sweating and heat stroke. If the water that is depleted is not replaced then it can further cause orthostatic hypotension. The symptoms are lightheadedness, dizziness or fainting.

2: Bleeding

Blood loss whether extreme or light can also lead to low blood pressure. The bleeding can be caused due to an accident, operation or any other reason.

3: Organ inflammation

Severe organ inflammation inside the body can also cause low blood pressure. Wondering how inflammation of the organ can cause blood pressure? Have a look at this then - when your organ is inflamed, fluids leaves blood vessels to enter the inflamed tissues around the organ and surrounding area, absorbing blood and thus reducing its volume.

4: Weak heart muscles

If you are someone with weak heart muscles, then you are at a high risk of being a victim of low blood pressure as well. Weak heart muscle causes your heart to fail and reduce the amount of blood it pumps. The reason for weak heart muscles can be multiple or repeated small heart attacks or infections of the heart muscles due to some viruses.

5: Heart block

A heart blockage can occur due to a heart attack or due to atherosclerosis. In a heart block, the special tissues that transmit electrical current in the heart are damaged and this prevents some or all of the electrical signals from reaching various parts of the heart, which further prevents it from its regular contraction as well.

6: Abnormally fast heart rate

A very fast heart rate can also cause low blood pressure. When the heart beat is irregular or too fast then the ventricles of the heart also contracts at an unusual rate. The unusual contraction of the ventricles fail to get filled up with maximum blood before contraction and the amount of blood is pumped decreases, in spite of a fast heart rate. Abnormal heart rhythms can also cause low blood pressure.

7: Pregnancy

If you expecting a tiny tot, then there is a huge chances that your pressure might go down. Though it is normal to have low blood pressure during pregnancy, but it is better to get checked to avoid complications.

8: Severe infections

Septic shock or sever infections can also lower your blood pressure level. It occurs when bacteria from an original place say, lungs or the abdomen enter into the bloodstream. These bacteria then start producing toxins that affect blood vessels which lowers down the blood pressure.

9: Nutrition deficiency

We all need nutrients for our well being and good health. Even a minor deficiency in any time of nutrients can cause complications which in turn can cause low blood pressure.

10: Endocrine problems

Endocrine problems like hypothyroidism, parathyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency, low blood sugar and diabetes can also cause low blood pressure. Low blood pressure is caused in these types of diseases due to some complication in the hormone producing endocrine gland.


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